Nature

Flora

The particular climatic conditions have led to the development of crops such as the grapevine, the fig and the olive. Krk is also known for its large number of plant species, and it is the area around Baška, within the Adriatic context, that is richest in the number of rare and endangered species (endemic species and relicts), such as:

Allium visianii – a lily
Asperula longiflora – a woodruff
Satureia karstiana – of the mint family
Salvia officinalis – sage

another woodruff; the only area where it grows is Baška. The plant was named after the Hungarian botanist Vinče Borbas (1844-1904).
The vegetation cover shapes the landscape of the area around Baška, as a result of the given climatic conditions and the configuration of the land.


A bushy plant, with exceptionally fine and fragrant tiny flowers, growing one next to the other; a rare species that is protected by the law and has medicinal qualities.


A plant with medicinal qualities, used for 2000 years. It is 30-60 cm high, flowers from June until the frosts of autumn on dry meadows and pasturelands, and alongside the paths.
The medicinal quality is ascribed to the particular essence it contains, which has an antipyretic action, heals wounds very well and helps to stop bleeding.


The name of this plant derives from the Latin word salvare, to save. It has been known for more than 1500 years. It grows between 50 and 100 cm in height, and has violet flowers. It can be found on dry grasslands and meadows. It is ascribed medicinal qualities, and contains an essence rich in tannin and thujone. Various teas and tinctures can be prepared from the leaves.


This medicinal aromatic perennial is 60 to 120cm high and has yellow flowers. It can easily be found along paths, by boundary hedges and walls. There are over 200 different kinds of wormwood, 14 of which grow in this area. It is used in folk medicine to cleanse and rid blood from harmful substances.

Fauna

There are some unique species, such as  vultures and several kinds of owl. The owl’s hoot  (from the genus Otus), is one of the most typical night sounds of the Baška karst area.

The little owl of the genus Athene and the long-eared owl are two of the rare and endangered species of owls; they live all over the island of Krk and on the islet Prvić, an ornithological reserve. There is also a whole world of underwater indigenous species to experience in their natural environment; one of these is the prawn, the most prized Adriatic crustacean.


Between Glavina point and the Bay of Mala Luka there is an area covering 1000 hectares called KUNTREP, which was declared a special Ornithological reserve in 1969.
The reserve’s area is a habitat for the Eurasian Griffin, and it is also possible to see short-toed Eagles, Peregrine Falcons, Shags, Eurasian Eagle Owls, Stone Curlews and other bird species.
Plant species include Dalmatian cornflowers, Istrian bluebells, Rijeka thistles and others.


An indigenous species that is threatened with extinction. It has become so rare that it is now a protected species, for which a special conservation programme is being prepared.


The griffon vulture is an endemic species of bird that inhabits the area. It is the only kind of vulture that inhabits Europe. It nests on the cliffs, and can often be seen flying in a flock, high under the clouds.


This is the biggest crustacean in the Adriatic. It reaches a length of 45 cm, and can weigh up to 5 kg. The meat of the lobster is  known as a delicacy worldwide. It is found in the coastal area of the Adriatic, most abundantly in areas where the sea is clear, salty and deep, as it lives at depths of between 30 and 80 metres.


It belongs to the Homaridae family. It grows up to 23 cm long, and weighs up to 0.30 kg. The meat is much prized, tender and soft, with a pleasing pink colour, almost transparent. In the Adriatic it can be found at depths of 20 to 500 m, and the richest colonies of prawns can be found around the areaof Senj.


It belongs to the Sparidae family, and is a typical example of white fish. It is of a brownish red silvery colour. It grows up to one metre in length and can  weigh up to 16 kg. It lives mostly at depths between 5 m and 30 m, in  rocky and weedy points. It is among the best known fish for commercial fishing and angling.